CRISMA Pilots

Pilot applications are the ultimate results of the CRISMA Project from the point of view of the crisis and disaster practitioners. They add site- and pilot-specific details to more generic "reference applications" in order to be directly usable for a particular area and organization(s).

Five CRISMA pilot applications presented below are the Accidental spillage from a container at large city port (Israel), Coastal submersion defense for the Charente Maritime region (France), Earthquake and forest fire application (Italy), Cross-Border Emergency Crisis (Finland) and the Multi hazard site application (Germany).

They can be roughly grouped in two categories: the French and Italian pilot applications target long-term infrastructure planning and therefore critically depend on the quality of the underlying earthquake and inundation models which need to be adopted for use in the target area. On the other hand, the German and especially the Israeli application can be easily re-used anywhere in the world because their logic is government by relatively simple agent models and the absolute values of the indicators less important than the response to users decisions. Finnish pilot application falls in-between: the models can be ported to any location, but to obtain realistic predictions, some fine-tuning of parameters is needed.

Accidental spillage from a container at large city port (Israel)

Chemical accident application - objects of interestThe Israel CRISMA validation application (Pilot C) focuses on the training of commanders and decision making during a large scale chemical incident. During a crisis event, the available resources should be rapidly deployed to the most appropriate tasks. In reality, the globally optimal resource allocation is impossible because the Command Centre has neither a perfect situational awareness nor the capacity to compute the right decision strategy in real-time. The usual strategy for reaching the near-optimal solution in these circumstances is to rely on a combination of written preparedness plans, (incomplete) situation maps and “gut feeling” of the experienced crisis managers.

CRISMA support application provides an interactive model of the large scale chemical accident and assure that the impact of the decisions taken by the trainees is realistic in a sense that the impact is guided by the natural laws and peculiarities of the training setup.

Coastal submersion defense for the Charente Maritime region (France)

In February 27-28th 2010, the Charente-Maritime was touched by the storm surge Xynthia. The consequences of the storm were significant : 47 people died and direct losses amounted to more than 2.5 billion Euros. After such disaster, civil protection and disaster management authorities are faced with the following questions :

  • Could we avoid the disaster?
  • What are the reasons for this disaster?
  • How to avoid such disaster in the future?

CRISMA pilot B attempts to answer these questions and investigates the consequences, impacts and damages of different coastal submersion situations depending on the various mitigation activities.

Cross Border Emergency Crisis (Finland)

Pilot A map based UIThe Finnish CRISMA validation application (Pilot A) focuses on contingency planning to mitigate the impact of a large scale power outage occuring during winter time.

The simulation models included in this application estimate the pace in which the buildings left without electricity are cooling below acceptable level. With the population data of the area, the evacuation actions can be focused on the areas with most vulnerable people in need of help. The preparedness planning functionality allows the user to find the optimal set of resources for evacuation actions. The alternative mitigation action is to ration the availablity of the power, i.e. returning electricity to impacted areas and possibly cut the electricity temporarily from areas which are more likely to survive for extended periods of time, due to more energy efficient buildings.

The application allows the decision managers to experiment with various crisis management strategies and compare the results based on factors such as economic losses, human suffering and use of resources. The goal is to compare different scenarios to determine the best decisions to prepare and respond to the situation.

The concrete scenario explored in this pilot is the following: The area of Kemi-Tornio (South-West Lapland, in Finland) is hit by an extreme winter storm, followed by cold temperatures, leading to increased demand for electricity. Simultaneously, the production and supply of electric energy is paralysed, leading to power outages.

Earthquake and forest fire application (Italy)

The Italian CRISMA validation application (pilot D) simulates a natural disaster with irreversible damages in the Region of L'Aquila. The main triggering event is an earthquake, and a forest fire will be considered as a possible cascading event in this pilot.

The main pilot objective is to compare various crisis management scenarios in a multi-risk framework including the cascading effects.

Multi hazard site (Germany)

The German CRISMA validation application (pilot E) focuses on capacity planning for the support of first responder organizations in mass accidents. The exercise support application developed in the scope of this pilot facilitates the planning, recording and assessment of first responders’ activities during such accidents, mainly with respect to time required for various activities such as pre-triage, triage, on-site care and evacuation of the critically injured patients to the hospital. 

The pilot application is designed with transferability in mind: resource management models for e.g. patients and ambulances are designed to be very generic and the site- and experiment- specific features, such as ambulance capabilities, type and severity of the injuries are introduced in the application as model parameters. These parameters are determined at exercise-planning time and entered in the system by the end users.